Why do churches have porches?

What is the porch of a church called?

narthex, long, narrow, enclosed porch, usually colonnaded or arcaded, crossing the entire width of a church at its entrance.

What is the most common feature on the exterior of a church?

The façade or “west front” is the most ornate part of the exterior with the processional doors, often three in number, and often richly decorated with sculpture, marble or stone tracery. The façade often has a large window, sometimes a rose window or an impressive sculptural group as its central feature.

What is the chancel used for in a church?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

Why is a porch called a porch?

The word ‘porch’ is derived from the ancient Greek and Roman term ‘portico,’ referring to an exterior structure often attached to a building that, although providing access to the outside, is sheltered.” She then added, “For the Italians, a covered open-air walkway, very commonly two-stories in height, was referred to …

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What is a church LYCH gate?

lych-gate, also spelled lich-gate, also called corpse gate, (from Middle English lyche, “body”; yate, “gate”) roofed-in gateway to a churchyard in which a bier might stand while the introductory part of the burial service was read.

What are churches built from?

A simple church may be built of mud brick, wattle and daub, split logs or rubble. It may be roofed with thatch, shingles, corrugated iron or banana leaves. However, church congregations, from the 4th century onwards, have sought to construct church buildings that were both permanent and aesthetically pleasing.

What is the ceiling of a church called?

Vault (architecture) – Wikipedia.

What is the roof of a church called?

Cupola. A relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building. Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome. more images… Dome.

What is the room behind the altar called?

The sacristy is usually located inside the church, but in some cases it is an annex or separate building (as in some monasteries). In most older churches, a sacristy is near a side altar, or more usually behind or on a side of the main altar.

What is a knave in a church?

The nave (/neɪv/) is the central part of a church, stretching from the (normally western) main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel.

What is a pulpit in a church?

pulpit, in Western church architecture, an elevated and enclosed platform from which the sermon is delivered during a service.

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Are porches an American thing?

To the south in Africa, porches were present in the shotgun houses of West Africa. Finally, by the early eighteenth century, porches appeared in the Americas. One century later, porches had become an integral element of American architecture.

What is the purpose of porches?

porch, roofed structure, usually open at the sides, projecting from the face of a building and used to protect the entrance. It is also known in the United States as a veranda and is sometimes referred to as a portico.

Why do American houses have porches?

Porches emerged beginning in the middle of the 19th century, as cities grew larger and families began living in individual homes. People viewed their yard and garden from inside the house and planned for the vistas viewed through windows.